Easter is a celebration of the Christian religious calendar in memory of the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Christian celebration was inspired by a Jewish celebration called pesach, which took place around the same time that Jesus was allegedly crucified and rose again.
A well-known feature of Easter is the fact that its celebration is mobile, so every year it is held on a different date. The criteria used to set this date were established by the authorities of the Catholic Church during the Council of Nicaea, held in the 4th century AD.
Origin of Easter
Passover celebrated by Christians is a new meaning of a Jewish festival. However, Christian and Jewish commemoration have completely different meanings. This, called pesach, was carried out by remembrance of the liberation of the Hebrews slavery in Egypt.
This story is told in the "Pentateuchs" - the first five books of the Bible. The word pesach, the Hebrew language, means “passage” and refers to the passage of the angel of death in Egypt - the tenth plague, according to the biblical narrative. The feast was reviewed by the Christians, becoming related to the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ.
Importance of Easter
Easter is, for many Christians, the most important feast on the religious calendar, as it highlights an event of great importance within the Christian faith: the resurrection - understood in Christianity as a demonstration of the divinity of Jesus.
This idea can be seen in the Bible, since it records a speech by Paul, who states (in 1 Corinthians 15:14): “And if Christ did not rise, then our preaching is futile, and yours is also futile. faith ”| 1 |. Thus, we can identify the importance of Jesus' resurrection within the religious view of Christianity.
this point of view, it was through the resurrection that humanity had the redemption of its sins. Jesus Christ, therefore, voluntarily sacrificed himself to redeem humanity and give it a new chance for salvation. Once the sacrifice was made, the power of God would have been manifested.
The liturgical calendar practiced by Catholics follows the approach of Easter with great devotion. Her preparation is carried out during Lent - a period of 40 days prior to this celebration and when the faithful carry out some penance (the type of penance is chosen by each person).
Another important mark of this preparation is Holy Week, a tradition that seeks to recall Jesus' footsteps during his last week, going through his crucifixion and resurrection. In Catholic tradition, Holy Week begins on Palm Sunday and recalls Jesus' triumphant arrival in Jerusalem.
Holy Week also recalls the Last Supper, on Holy Thursday. This was Jesus' last supper with his disciples. It was held during the aforementioned Jewish celebration (pesach), and in it Jesus announced that one of the disciples would betray him and that the others would flee in the face of his persecution.
On Holy Thursday, the Rite of the Washing of the Feet is held as a way of remembering Jesus' act of bending down to wash the feet of his disciples at the place they were having supper. The act is understood within the Christian belief as a demonstration of an important commandment of Christ: that of loving one another.
Still on Holy Thursday, Jesus was arrested as a result of the betrayal of Judas Iscariot. The following day, Good Friday, he was tortured and sentenced to death. The Christian tradition usually stages these events in plays known as the Passion of Christ. After being condemned, Christ was crucified on a hill known as Golgotha.
Still in Holy Week, the day after Christ's crucifixion is known as Hallelujah Saturday, and the Sunday on which he rose is Easter Sunday.
As mentioned, Easter is one of the most important celebrations on the Christian religious calendar, and therefore traditions are held during this period. In this text we have already mentioned the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ, known as the Passion of Christ.
On Hallelujah Saturday, in certain places, a ritual known as Burning of Judas is performed, in which a doll with human proportions is beaten and burned as a kind of punishment to Judas for betraying Jesus. During Easter, it is a tradition that masses or cults are dedicated to the celebration of these events and great suppers (Eucharist, for Catholics) are held.
In the interior of the state of Goiás, an Easter ritual has been carried out for almost three centuries: the Procession of Big Fire. This procession was introduced in the city, in the middle of the 18th century, by a Spanish priest and stages the persecution and imprisonment of Jesus Christ. The party is one of the great cultural heritage of that state and gathers thousands of people every year.
a secular point of view, Easter also has well-established traditions. These practices are related to the eggs of easter Easter and can manifest themselves by exchanging them as gifts, or, in the case of children, by playing with them to seek them out within a certain space.
The date of Easter, as mentioned, is mobile, and its institution was made, in the fourth century, by the Catholic Church. During the Council of Nicaea, Church officials set their celebration for the first Sunday that takes place after the full moon following the spring equinox (for the Northern Hemisphere).